Several people have already been pointed out as the author of the phrase: “The pen is mightier than the sword”. Regardless of who created the phrase, the fact is that the pen, by itself, is not enough to make an effective writer.
To write an essay, you will need much more than a pen and goodwill.
The Essays and Its Structure
Regardless of whether you write an essay at school, for college entrance exam or ENEM, essays often have the same structure. When you learn how to structure an essay, all you have to do from now on is to adapt it to the general rules laid down by the teacher or commission of a college entrance examination. (Remember that some academic documents are a category of their own, having more advanced and unique structures).
When writing is written according to the structure presented below, this becomes a facilitator for the student. In addition, it also benefits the reader as it improves the understanding aspect of writing.
Introduction (1st Paragraph)
One of the main objectives of the Introduction is to attract the attention of the readers. The Introduction is not the presentation of the idea itself, but a mechanism to leave the reader interested in the idea that will be presented later in the essay.
Of course, although it is not the presentation of the idea, the introduction should make it clear what the essay is about. That is, it is a statement of what will come next.
How do you get your interest in introducing your writing?
Effect phrases (including quotes) are powerful in attracting the attention of readers to what will come next. Other efficient methods are the use of statistics:
“10 out of 10 readers of Corrosive Literature are amazing people”
You should present the main idea of your essay, however, without establishing arguments. At this point, you are just displaying the background. Still, you can already make clear to the reader what your position is.
Do not overextend yourself. Efficient introductions need not have more than 5 phrases – all of them in a paragraph.
Development, Body or Argument (2nd, 3rd and 4th paragraphs)
This is where you need to sweat a little more. We have come to the point where the ideas that were outlined in the introduction will definitely be presented. It is time for the arguments to surface. It is the longest part of the writing structure. Roll up the sleeves and let’s go!
Start with the right foot. Of all the arguments you have at your disposal, use the strongest logo in the first paragraph. This will be useful to disarm the points against your argument, as mentioned below.
Do not just present your idea as if it were perfect and had no flaws. A good development usually presents the pros and cons of the subject at hand. However, the cons need to be “neutralized” by the advantages offered by pros.
Also beware of using the “I”, “I” and “I”. Unless it is a personal narrative, that is, an experience you are experiencing, try to use more generalized pronouns.
The main components of writing can be classified as follows:
Elaboration: present details about what is being addressed. Just try to include relevant information that will help clarify the issue. Unnecessary detail tends to make writing very long, confusing, and of little relevance.
Illustration: A resource to help readers visualize what you are presenting. Use verbal images to clarify key points, including real-life stories. Developments with illustrative descriptions are easier to track than those based only on abstract information. Explain clearly why this visual example presented corroborates your thesis. But do not dwell on unnecessary details; focus only on the vital illustrative data to support your idea.
Argumentation: present the arguments, the reasons or reasons for your point of view. You must justify your ideas and assertions.
Because of the amount of information, you need to help readers follow your ideas. So do not forget to use the connectives wisely. Connectives are connecting words or phrases that assist the reader in the transition between ideas. They are like bridges to cross a river.
Conclusion (5th paragraph)
The third part of the writing structure is Conclusion. In this final field of your presentation, you make one last appeal to readers. It is the statement that ends his thesis.
The goal of Conclusion is to establish an idea in the mind of the reader that preserves the essence of what has been presented, generating awareness and reflection later.
Such a statement needs to be striking to achieve its goal. So it must be a powerful conclusion, even with a dramatic appeal.
Do not overextend in Conclusion (4 or 5 sentences are enough). The arguments have already been presented in Development. Using the Conclusion to recap all of the ideas already mentioned is tiresome and unreasonable. So you probably will not need more than one paragraph to draw up your concluding text.
As mentioned about the connectives, you can open your conclusion using expressions such as “in conclusion,” “therefore,” and the like. It is a resource that helps the reader to realize that the discussion comes to an end, without catching it by surprise.
When writing an essay, it is likely that you have repeated the main point (or word) several times throughout the text. Not to become tiresome, of course, you used synonyms throughout the essay. However, in Conclusion, try to use the words used in the Introduction. This way, you can “tie” the text, reinforcing the argument.